Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (State Status: S1; critically imperiled)
The spring salamander is a large species of salamander found in cave springs, rocky streams, and woodland swamps in elevated habitats. This species is uncommon in Mississippi and may only be found in the extreme northeast corner of the state. Colors are reddish, salmon, or yellow-orange. Spring salamanders are identified by head and snout shape, which are mildly rectangular. Light lines extend from snout to eyes. The northern spring salamander is the only subspecies in the state.
- Large salmon-colored or yellowish body
- Light lines extend from nares to eyes
Northern Spring Salamander (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus)
Elevated springs, streams, cave entrances, swamps
Generally utilizes natural structures like rocks and logs for shelter
Various small invertebrates