Spring Salamander

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (State Status: S1; critically imperiled)


The spring salamander is a large species of salamander found in cave springs, rocky streams, and woodland swamps in elevated habitats. This species is uncommon in Mississippi and may only be found in the extreme northeast corner of the state. Colors are reddish, salmon, or yellow-orange. Spring salamanders are identified by head and snout shape, which are mildly rectangular. Light lines extend from snout to eyes. The northern spring salamander is the only subspecies in the state.

Adult Spring Salamander from a cave system, Tishomingo Co. (MS)

Identifying Traits

  • Large salmon-colored or yellowish body
  • Light lines extend from nares to eyes

Subspecies present:

Northern Spring Salamander (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus)


Elevated springs, streams, cave entrances, swamps



Generally utilizes natural structures like rocks and logs for shelter


Various small invertebrates

Headshot of an adult Spring Salamander, Tishomingo Co. (MS)
Spring Salamander, Stephens Co. (GA), © Tyler Brock
Spring Salamander, Tishomingo Co. (MS), © McAulay Jaunsen
Stephens Co. (GA) © Tyler Brock
Topdown view of a Spring Salamander, Tishomingo Co. (MS)