Amphiuma pholeter (State Status: S1; critically imperiled)
One-toed Amphiumas are found in a restricted range of the eastern Gulf Coast, and the western-most extent of its range includes southeast Mississippi (Powell et al., 2016). Their habitat is muddy, flowing water bodies. Amphiumas are long, dark-bodied, and eel-like with very small vestigial appendages. Amphiuma pholeter is the smallest of the amphiumas, and is also the least common. A single live specimen has been recorded in Mississippi by Grover Brown in 2016 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9500062). One of the rarest and most secretive species of salamander in the state.
- Dark long body with highly reduced limbs
- Small, lighter-colored than other species, one appendage (not always)
Alluvial flowing bodies of water (Powell et al., 2016)
Ambush fish predator, rarely leaves water.
Various small invertebrates, small fish