Cave Salamander

Eurycea lucifuga (State Status: S1; critically imperiled)


Only found in extreme northeast Mississippi. They can be found in caves, rocky streams, sloped woodlands, often near caves or rocky outcrops (Powell et al., 2016). Orange or reddish, many spots on dorsum and tail.

Adult Cave Salamander, © Kevin Hutcheson

Identifying Traits

  • Primarily orange or reddish skin
  • Many dark spots not forming bar on tail (separates from Long-tailed Salamander)


Rocky, often sloped streamsides, caves and cave openings, woodlands and outcrops near caves (Powell et al., 2016)


Can take shelter under rocks and logs


Various small invertebrates

Cave Salamander on a rock, © Bryce Wade