Bog Dwarf Salamander

Eurycea sphagnicola


Formerly a member of the Eurycea quadridigitata complex, split based on genetic analyses (Wray et al., 2017). Eurycea sphagnicola only ranges within 50 miles of the coasts of Florida, Alabama,  and Mississippi (Wray et al., 2017). No clear morphological characters have been determined to identify the newly described species. The bog dwarf salamander has the most specific habitat description, existing in boggy seeps with sphagnum mosses, as well as other acidophilic plants. Members of this complex are identified with the noting of four toes on each limb. Patterning is minimal, and may include spots, lines, and speckling. They are usually yellow-orange, gold, brown, or gray throughout the body. May have y-shape between eyes. Their description warrants future surveys of Mississippi to determine their status and distribution within the state. One confirmed specimen was collected and sequenced as this newly described species in Stone County (Lamb and Beamer, 2012).

An adult male found in a near a pitcher plant bog, Santa Rosa Co. (FL)

Identifying Traits

  • Four toes on each limb
  • Range and habitat may aid in species identification


Found in boggy seepages along the northern Gulf Coast


Generally utilizes natural structures like rocks and logs for shelter


Various small invertebrates

An adult male found in a sphagnum mat with eggs, females, and larvae, Mobile Co. (AL)