The American toad is found in the northwest half of Mississippi. Colors include gray, brown, brick-red, often with yellow patches. One or more of the cranial crests are connect by a small spur to the paratoid glands, which is a character that can be used to differentiate from other toads. Underside usually spotted, and largest blotches usually only contain 1-2 warts (Powell et al., 2016). The dwarf American toad (Anaxyrus americanus charlesmithi) is the only subspecies found in Mississippi.
- Cranial crest connected to paratoid glands by “spurs”
- Spotting on venter
- 1-2 warts in largest blotches, large warts on tibia
Nearly any body of water to breed, urban areas, forests, prairies (Powell et al., 2016)