Data Sources

Literature Cited

Beamer, D. A., & Lamb, T. (2020). Towards rectifying limitations on species delineation in dusky salamanders (Desmognathus: Plethodontidae): An ecoregion-drainage sampling grid reveals additional cryptic clades. Zootaxa, 4734(1), 1–61. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4734.1.1

Cook, F. A. (1954). Snakes of Mississippi. Mississippi Game and Fish Commission.

Graham’s Crayfish Snake. (n.d.). MDC Discover Nature. Retrieved June 7, 2020, from https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/grahams-crayfish-snake

Guyer, C., Bailey, M. A., & Mount, R. H. (2015). Turtles of Alabama. The University of Alabama Press.

Lamb, T., & Beamer, D. A. (2012). Digits Lost or Gained? Evidence for Pedal Evolution in the Dwarf Salamander Complex (Eurycea, Plethodontidae). PLOS ONE, 7(5), e37544. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037544

Leaché, A. D. (2009). Species Tree Discordance Traces to Phylogeographic Clade Boundaries in North American Fence Lizards (Sceloporus). Systematic Biology, 58(6), 547–559. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syp057

LeClere, J., & Rouw, M. (2013). A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Iowa. ECO Herpetological Pub.

McKelvy, A. D., & Burbrink, F. T. (2017). Ecological divergence in the yellow-bellied kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster) at two North American biodiversity hotspots. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 106, 61–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.09.006

Means, D. B., Lamb, J. Y., & Bernardo, J. (2017). A new species of dusky salamander (Amphibia: Plethodontidae: Desmognathus) from the Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain of the United States and a redescription of D. auriculatus. Zootaxa, 4263(3), 467–506.

Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. (2018). Listed Species of Mississippi (p. 6).

NatureServe. State species status explorer from NatureServe. https://explorer.natureserve.org/

Ospina, O. E., Tieu, L., Apodaca, J. J., & Lemmon, E. M. (2020). Hidden Diversity in the Mountain Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brachyphona) and the Diagnosis of a New Species of Chorus Frog in the Southeastern United States. Copeia, 108(4). https://doi.org/10.1643/CH2020009

Palmer, W. M. (1987). A New Species of Glass Lizard (Anguidae: Ophisaurus) from the Southeastern United States. Herpetologica, 43(4), 415–423. JSTOR.

Patton, A., Apodaca, J. J., Corser, J. D., Wilson, C. R., Williams, L. A., Cameron, A. D., & Wake, D. B. (2019). A New Green Salamander in the Southern Appalachians: Evolutionary History of Aneides aeneus and Implications for Management and Conservation with the Description of a Cryptic Microendemic Species. Copeia, 107(4), 748. https://doi.org/10.1643/CH-18-052

Petranka, J. W. (1998). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press.

Powell, R., Conant, R., Collins, J. T., Conant, I. H., Johnson, T. R., Hooper, E. D., Taggart, T. W., Conant, R., & Collins, J. T. (2016). Peterson field guide to reptiles and amphibians of eastern and central North America (Fourth edition). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Ruane, S., Bryson Jr, R. W., Pyron, R. A., & Burbrink, F. T. (2014). Coalescent species delimitation in milksnakes (genus Lampropeltis) and impacts on phylogenetic comparative analyses. Systematic Biology, 63(2), 231–250.

Wray, K. P., Means, D. B., & Steppan, S. J. (2017). Revision of the Eurycea quadridigitata (Holbrook 1842) Complex of Dwarf Salamanders (Caudata: Plethodontidae: Hemidactyliinae) with a Description of Two New Species. Herpetological Monographs, 31(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.1655/HERPMONOGRAPHS-D-16-00011

Occurrence Data and Map Interpretation

Sources for species distribution maps include Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) records, verifiable HerpMapper records, community-confirmed observations on iNaturalist, VertNet digitized museum records, and Herpetological Review distribution notes on presence or expansions of known ranges. Relevant citations below. (Free-use county labeled map from https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/img_auth.php/thumb/1/1a/Mississippi-county-map.gif/450px-Mississippi-county-map.gif)

Disclaimer: Historic museum records, including Mississippi Museums of Natural Science records, may not represent the current distribution of a species, especially those that have heavily declined. Records are expert-vetted, and any verifiable incorrect specimen have been removed from the data. Maps also do not necessarily represent the “true” distribution of a species throughout a particular county or the state. I.e., a species may be found in a county without previous occurrence record (a gap, represented by white on the maps) and county presence (represented by green counties on the maps) does not reflect uniform distribution across the county. Some species may be found in only very restricted parts of counties.

Cook, F. A. (1954). Snakes of Mississippi. Mississippi Game and Fish Commission.

GBIF.org (02 September 2021) GBIF Occurrence Download https://doi.org/10.15468/dl.k8bnhz

GBIF.org (02 September 2021) GBIF Occurrence Download https://doi.org/10.15468/dl.hbc3uk

Lamb, T., & Beamer, D. A. (2012). Digits Lost or Gained? Evidence for Pedal Evolution in the Dwarf Salamander Complex (Eurycea, Plethodontidae). PLOS ONE, 7(5), e37544. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037544

Palmer, W. M. (1987). A New Species of Glass Lizard (Anguidae: Ophisaurus) from the Southeastern United States. Herpetologica, 43(4), 415–423. JSTOR.

Search VertNet.Org. (2021). Museum Specimen Download. (search terms class:Amphibia & class:Reptilia & stateprovince:”Mississippi”). VertNet